Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing 8, no. 1 (2012): 15

 

 FRAUD PREVENTION MECHANISMS OF MALAYSIAN GOVERNMENT-LINKED COMPANIES: AN ASSESSMENT OF EXISTENCE AND EFFECTIVENESS

Normah Omar and Katerina Maria Abu Bakar


Abstract


Understanding the root causes of fraud and learning about the most effective fraud prevention mechanisms are critical in reducing the incidence of financial fraud. Therefore, this study solicits the views of fraud investigators on the existence and effectiveness of fraud prevention mechanisms within Government-Linked Companies (GLCs). Specifically, effective fraud prevention mechanisms (FPM) should be undertaken by five critical groups, namely the board of directors, audit committees, external auditors, internal auditors, and anti-fraud specialists. A total of 147 questionnaires were distributed to fraud investigators of all public listed GLCs in Malaysia. Out of those, a total of 45 usable responses were received, which represents an effective response rate of 30.6%. In terms of existence, the respondents ranked “management review of internal controls” and “external audits of financial statements” as the top-most FPMs. This was followed by other mechanisms such as operational audits, internal audits and internal control review/improvements by departments. Out of the 27 fraud prevention mechanisms, fraud investigators perceived surprise audits, fraud hotline, fraud prevention program and training, anti-fraud policy, fraud vulnerability reviews, operational audits, whistle-blowing policy, internal audit or fraud examination department, and, imposing penalty and disciplinary action as more effective than the others. Overall, this study provides important insights to practitioners and organizations in identifying fraud prevention mechanisms that are most effective.

Keywords: fraud prevention mechanism (FPM), financial fraud, government-linked companies (GLCs)