Creating a Niche and Driving a Synergistic Research Agenda in Islamic Financial Criminology
Islamic Financial Criminology (IFC) is a pioneering niche research agenda created by the Accounting Research Institute (ARI) in 2010 when it was accorded the Higher Institutions’ Centre of Excellence (HICoE) status by the Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia. The chosen niche research in IFC is in tandem with Malaysia’s vision to become a Global Islamic Finance Hub by 2020. IFC as a concept encompasses two main domains namely Islamic Finance and Financial Criminology. ARI believes that to develop a sustainable Islamic Finance Hub, Malaysia must continue introducing new Islamic finance products as well as be mindful of the potential risks of financial leakages that could retard the growth of the Islamic Finance sector. When developing a sustainable Global Islamic Finance Hub, there are various strategic aspects that must be considered.
Research in Islamic Financial Criminology focuses on three basic questions. Firstly, what new Islamic finance products can it propose?. As a research institute, ARI is looking at products that could possibly contribute towards Malaysia’s aspiration to become a high income nation by 2020. Through strategic collaborations with other industry players, ARI establishes three Islamic finance-based research clusters: (i) Islamic Microfinance, (ii) Islamic Social Enterprises and (iii) Corporate Waqaf. New products developed from these research clusters will be able to potentially enhance the socio-economic stature and the quality of life of the Ummah.
Secondly, how can the Islamic Finance sector mitigate financial leakages that could retard its development?. Understandably leakages such as money laundering, tax evasion and financial fraud could dampen the growth of the Islamic Finance Hub for Malaysia. To look at ways to mitigate financial leakages, ARI develops three financial criminology-based research clusters namely (i) Anti-money Laundering, (ii) Financial Fraud and (iii) Tax Evasion. It is only by mitigating these financial leakages that sustainable development of the sector can be achieved.
Thirdly, what steps are taken to promote the Islamic Finance globally?. Any effort towards international agenda must start right here in Malaysia. As such, the first step undertaken by ARI was to establish strategic alliances with various related agencies such as Islamic banks, Zakat centres, Wakaf institutes, Religious councils, Islamic universities, JAKIM, IBFIM, Amanah Ikhtiar Malaysia (AIM), Islamic Foundations, Registry of Societies, Companies Commissions Malaysia, Bank Negara Malaysia, PDRM, RMC, IRB, SPRM and many others. Next, collaborations are established at regional and international levels involving entities and agencies from various countries. To date, ARI has signed Memorandum of Understanding with countries such as Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand, Philippines, India, Pakistan, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, China, Bangladesh, Turkey, Tunisia, Australia, New Zealand, United Kingdom and the United States of America.
In its own small ways, through its niche research in Islamic Financial Criminology, ARI will be able to create significant impact to the community. Jobs and value created through its Islamic Finance-based research clusters will change life. Similarly, financial leakages saved from its financial criminology-based research clusters will ensure sustainability development of the Islamic Finance Hub. Just as when Malaysia becomes a Global Islamic Finance Hub, ARI too hopes to become a global research and reference centre in Islamic Financial Criminology.